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Full text of "Wayside Inn front door diaries"


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+ + + + 

July 5— the day after the holiday. 
: Everybody knows -what happened on 
.Tulv 4, :<76. But what happened the 
NEXT BAT? 

Historians are curiously silent in most 
cases about NEXT DAT events. 

I think I can t ell you what happened 
158 years ago today, on the morning 
after the adoption of the Declaration of 
Independence: 

Most of the delegates got out of Phila- 
delphia as fa*t as they could, to escape 
the bites of flies and mosquitos. Mos- 
quito netting had not been invented 
then. And statesmen exposed the calves 
of their legs in thin silk stockings to 
the attacks of insects. 

Some of th» delegates didn't wait even 
to sign the- Declaration, but wrote their 
names at,'lat«f. dates. 

It is an iindispu'pd historical fact that 
the delegates to ihe Continental Con- 
gress might have ttept on debating for 
days, and perhaps for weeks longer, if 
the insects and the heat had not made 
them so tincomforiable that they cm 
the talking »hort, so as to escape the 
torment. 

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DISTINGUISHED DIVINE 

TO TALK ON "YOUTH" 

Thousands of Greeks and many of 
their American friends will listen with 
interest today to a broadcast from 
Station WEEI at 2 o'clock, when Arch- 
bishop Athenagoras of the Greek Or- 
thodox Church of North and South 




ARCHBISHOP ATHENAGORAS 

America brings to them his message 
on "Youth." 

In conjunction with the address of 
the international divine, who will 
speak both in Greek and In English, 
the orthodox chant of the Greek 
Church will be rendered by the Boston 
Cathedral Choir, foremost exponents 
of the Byzantium art in America, un- 
der the leadership of Director George 
Alvezos of Laconia, Greece. 

Archbishop Athenagoras is at pres- 
ent paying a visit to the Boston Cathe- 
dral at Buggies and Parker sts. 



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Louis Maurer, Once 

$12-a-Week Artist, 

Is Dead at 100 

New York, July. 20 (AP)— 
I ,ouis Maurer, who got $12 a 
week for creating- sporting prints 
that made collectors scramble, is 
dead at the age of 100. 

The "oldest American artist" 
and the last surviving member 
of Currier & Ives, "printmakers 
to the American people," died 
yesterday .'in his old browr^stone 
house on West 43rd street. 

He did the famous series of 
prints on the "Life of a Fireman" 
and his pictures were credited 
with immortalizing famous 
American trotting horses. He 
saw great historical value placed 
on reproductions of his work for 
Currier & Ives which once,.43old 
for 25 and 50 cents. 

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brou ght $700 each. flaJMCB^ JLm 








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Little Red Schoolhouses" Rapidly 

Disappearing in Massachusetts 



Like the horse and buggy, the "Little 
Red Schoolhouse," which for generations 
has been cherished as the temple of 
learning, is rapidly becoming a thing of 
the past in Massachusetts. 

In 1837, when the State Board of Edu- 
cation was created and Horace Mann, 
noted educator, was elected as its secre- 
tary, there were more than 3000 one- 
room schoolhouses in this State, but a 
survey last year by the State Depart- 
ment of Education reveals that only 388 
schoolhouses of this type are now in ex- 
istence here. 

As an indication of the rapid pace 
at which these schools are disappearing, 
the department states that in the eight- 
year period from 1923, when the previous 
survey was made, up to 1931 the number 
has been reduced by nearly 300. At the 
present time there are 184 cities and 
towns in Massachusetts which have no 
one-room schoolhouses. There is only 
one left on Cape Cod. The total mem- 
bership of these schools is "591, as com- 
pared with 14,912 in 1923. In other 
words, for each 1000 children enrolled in 
the elementary schools in this State 
there are only thirteen to be found in 
one-room schools. 

The chief contributing causes for the 
disappearance of the schools, the depart- 
ment states, are the trend of population 
away from the rural areas to villages and 
cities; the early abandonment by Massa- 
chusetts of the district system of school 
control; the growing conviction that the 
educational opportunities offered in the 
graded schools are superior to those of- 
fered in the one-room schools, and the 
great advance in transportation facilities 
j in recent years. The general adoption of 
| the motor bus for pupil transportation; 
the widespread improvement in high- 
ways and the general use of motorized 
equipment for keeping the roads open for 
travel during the \v,nter also have served 
ns factors in the abandonment during 
recent years of a large number of the 




schools, which the towns had been obliged 
to maintain under earlier winter condi- 
tions of travel. 

Despite the fact that the schools aVe 
rapidly decreasing in number, it si 
probable that a number of towns, par- 
ticularly in the Berkshire district, will 
be obliged to maintain the schools for 
years to come, while other towns situated 
near each other will doubtless consoli- 
date, thereby further reducing the num- 
ber. As a result of the survey, it has 
been predicted that nearly 100 more coun- 
try schoolhouses will be abandoned in the 
near future and that the time is near 
when more than 99 per cent of the school 
children of the State will enjov the ad- 
vantages of graded schools of two or 
more rooms. 

In connection with the qualifications of 
teachers in one-room schools, the depart- 
ment states that in 1923 duly 4!t per cent 
of the teachers were graduates of college 
normal school or other teacher-training 
institutions. In 1931, 302 of the 388 teach- 
ers o'- 78 per cent, were graduates of 
such schools. Among the chief causes 
for this improvement are the Increase in 
salaries resulting from the effort made 
by the State to improve the compensation 
of teachers in small communities: the 
closing of many of the smaller one-room 
schools in which the proportion of un- 
trained teachers was the largest: the 
large number of trained teachers being 
graduated from teacher-training institu- 
tions, and the insistent demand on the 
part of school officials that onlv trained 
teachers shall be employed to fill vacan- 
cies. 

Although the schools are fast goinir out 
of existence in this State, suoerintend- 
e u °L^ ch00ls a,p of tne oninion that 
about 300 of the 388 schools of this tyo-* 
will be maintained for some time to com» 
because of the fact that in manv 
stances the schools are located in towns 
with a sparse population, low valuation, 
and poor roads. j. p jj_ 









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Elva Allen of Melrose writes me, with 
reference to my recent paragraphs 
about old-fashioned, home-made sum- 
mer drinks, including- "switchel," or a 
mixture of water, ginger and molasses. 
She says: 

"Every summer, at my grandmother's 
in Sedgwick, Me., during the haying 
season, they have a drink which is 
made like this. We always call it 'gin- 
ger drink.' 

"Grandmother takes two 10-quart 
pails and puts in a little ginger, mo- 
lasses, water and large pieces of ice. 

' Then the men £«lk take these pails 
with them. 

"They keep one out by the barn wait- 
ing until they unload the hay, and they 
take the other down into the field with 
them. 

"They all say this is (he coolest and 
most refreshing drink that they know 
of. 

"Grandmother says that she has done 
this every year since she married, and 
she remembers that her people did il 
when she was younger." 



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TRY TO SCALE 
MT. EVEREST 

Permission Obtained for 
Attempt Next Year 

LONDON', Sept. 2 (AF)— Another at- 
tempt will be made next year to scale 
unconquered Mt. Everest. 

The Royal Geographical Society an- 
nounced tonight that its Mt. Everest 
committee had received through the 
government of India the consent of the 
Dalai Lama, high priest and ruler of 
Tibet, for the expedition. 

The first attempt to scale Bit. Everest 
was made in 1921. It was unsuccessful, 
like those of 1922, 1924 and 1925. 


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Canary Opera at 

Jordan Marsh Co. Store 

Fifty trained canaries which sing or 
stop singing at the command of their 
master are giving a remarkable exhibi- 
tion of intelligence and sinking ab.iility 
it the Jordan Marsh Company store all 
this week. Their master, Joseph Belmont, 
known the world over for his ability to 
(rain birds, has been through Europe, the 
Orient, the United States and Australia 
with the birds he now has with him in 
Boston, and has appeared with them in 
:i Ziegfeld show and before some of Eu- 
rope's crowned heads. An invitation is 
extended to all New Englanders by Jor- 
dan Marsh Company to see the canary 
opera. It takes plac e daily on the third 
floor in the Annex Store at 11 A. M., 
1.30 P. M.. and 3.30 P. M. 



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DEMOCRATS SCORED 
AT SUDBURY OUTING 

George Homans Is Speaker 
at Republican Fete 

Special Dispatch to the Globe 

SUDBURY, Sept 14-George Homans, 
youthful nephew of Secretary of the 
Navy Charles Francis Adams, was the 
principal speaker at the picnic held 
here today by the Central Massachu- 
setts Republican Club on the Henry 
Ford estate. 

Homans discused the Democratic 
platform in detail and contrasted its 
"promises" with the way the Demo- 
cratic members in Congress had han- 
dled the same issues during the time 
that they have been in control of the 
House. 

He declared that the Democratic 
House had failed to make drastic re- 
duction in public expenditures despite 
the platform's pledge. He said that 
one of the planks favors maintenance 
of national credit by a balanced budget 
and pointed out that Speaker Garner, 
the Democratic Vice Presidential nom- 
inee, had advocated a $3,000,000,000 
public works program which would 
have unbalanced the budget. 

He said that another plank advo- 
cated sound currency, but that the 
Democratic House proposed schemes 
of uncontrolled inflation. He said the 
Democrats claim to favor a low tariff 
and yet the Democratic members of 
Congress from Texas demanded high- 
est tariffs on oil. 

Other speakers included Frank A. 
Goodwin and E. Mark Sullivan, candi- 
dates for Governor; Gaspar G. Bacon, 
candidate for Lieutenant Governor; 
Francis Prescott and Max Ulin, candi- 
dates for State Treasurer; Congress- 
man Frank Ross, candidate in the new 
3d Congressional District; Representa- 
tive Edith Nourse Rogers, and William 
A. Fisher, Russell Wood and Mrs 
Esther M. Andrews, all candidates for 
Governor's Council. 



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12 o'clock NOON 
Thursday, September 15th 



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43 



Leave Hotel StatleT foT bus trip to visit 
places of historical interest 

(Lexington, Concord, Wayside Inn, etc.) 



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"COURTING STICKS" 
USED BY INDIANS 

Devices used in furthering romance 
among some of the Indians of the 
Northwest Coast are included among 
exhibits now on view at the Chicago 
Field Museum of Natural History to 



illustrate the cultures of these peoples 
and also those of the Eskimos, says an 
announcement from the museum. 

In the Nootka tribe, for example, the 
ritual of courtship was highly devel- 
oped. Included in the museum exhibit 
is a "courting stock" of a type used 
by young men of the tribe much as a 
bouquet would be used among young 
white people. 

This consists of a small bundle of 
red cedar bark with white feathers 
projecting from the top, attached to a 
staff, which was set up in front of a 
girl's home by her lover as a sign of 
affection. It was intended to convey 
a sort of "be my Valentine" message. 

There also is displayed a "courting 
mask." This represents a human face 
with a coil of rope around it and a 
bird tail at the top. Such masks were 
worn by young men in search of wives, 
according to museum anthropologists. 

The Nootka were adept at many 
other things, among them fishing. In- 
cluded in the display of their fishing 
paraphernalia is a clever spinning fish- 
lure they invented. This was sub- 
merged deep in the w^ter with a 



long pole and then released. The lur» 
would rise to the surface with a spin- 
ning motion, and the fish would fol- 
low it. As they came into sight, th* 
Indian fishermen speared them. 

Collections representing the Kwakiutf 
tribe, including life-size groups illus- 
trating the criminal lance and other 
ceremonies, are another feature of the 
exhibit. Other Northern Coast Indian 
tribes represented are the Tsimshian, 
Bella Coola, tribes of Puget Sound, 
Tlingit and Haida.— Springfield Union. 




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